What anime take place in contemporary Earth, but not in Japan?
Hetalia doesn't count, because that show takes place in every place in the world at the same time.
I would say...Hetalia.
It takes place in modern day Italy.
Learn English, dumbass.
If you haven't seen it already, Black Lagoon's set in other parts of Asia, aside from the opening scenes and the final arc of the second cour. The mangaka actually really seems to dislike Japan, although the anime does tone those elements down.
Philippines and Murica, I ship to to this.
Gunsmith Cats - Chicago
i think its hetalia